Outcomes of patients with severe and critical COVID-19 treated with dexamethasone : a prospective cohort study

Dexamethasone implementation for COVID-19 management represented a milestone but data regarding its impact and safety have not been consistently reproduced. We aimed to evaluate in-hospital mortality before and after the implementation of corticosteroid treatment (CS-T) for severe and critical COVID-19. We conducted a cohort study that included patients admitted with severe and critical COVID-19. The primary outcome was death during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included the length of stay (LOS), need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), time to IMV initiation, IMV duration, and development of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). Bivariate, multivariate, and propensity-score matching analysis were performed. Among 1540 patients, 688 (45%) received CS-T. Death was less frequent in the CS-T group (18 vs 31%, p < .01). Among patients on IMV, death was also less frequent in the CS-T group (25 vs 55%, p < .01). The median time to IMV was longer in the CS-T group (5 vs 3 days, p < .01). HAIs occurred more frequently in the CS-T group (20 vs 10%, p < .01). LOS, IMV, and IMV duration were similar between groups. Multivariate analysis revealed an independent association between CS-T and lower mortality (aOR 0.26, 95% CI 0.19-0.36, p < .001). Propensity-score matching analysis revealed that CS-T was independently associated with lower mortality (aOR 0.33, 95% CI 0.22-0.50, p < .01). Treatment with corticosteroids was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality among patients with severe and critical COVID-19, including those on IMV.

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Electronic Article

Year of Publication:


Contained In:

Emerging microbes & infections - Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022), p. 50-59




Martinez-Guerra, Bernardo A
Gonzalez-Lara, Maria F
Roman-Montes, Carla M
Tamez-Torres, Karla M
Dardón-Fierro, Francisco E
Rajme-Lopez, Sandra
Medrano-Borromeo, Carla
Martínez-Valenzuela, Alejandra
Ortiz-Brizuela, Edgar
Sifuentes-Osornio, Jose
Ponce-de-Leon, Alfredo



Keywords: Schlagworte

Date Completed 31.12.2021

Date Revised 07.01.2022

published: Print

Citation Status MEDLINE

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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