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COVID-19 : animals, veterinary and zoonotic links

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread over 210 countries and territories beyond China shortly. On February 29, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) denoted it in a high-risk category, and on March 11, 2020, this virus was designated pandemic, after its declaration being a Public Health International Emergency on January 30, 2020. World over high efforts are being made to counter and contain this virus. The COVID-19 outbreak once again proves the potential of the animal-human interface to act as the primary source of emerging zoonotic diseases. Even though the circumstantial evidence suggests the possibility of an initial zoonotic emergence, it is too early to confirm the role of intermediate hosts such as snakes, pangolins, turtles, and other wild animals in the origin of SARS-CoV-2, in addition to bats, the natural hosts of multiple coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The lessons learned from past episodes of MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV are being exploited to retort this virus. Best efforts are being taken up by worldwide nations to implement effective diagnosis, strict vigilance, heightened surveillance, and monitoring, along with adopting appropriate preventive and control strategies. Identifying the possible zoonotic emergence and the exact mechanism responsible for its initial transmission will help us to design and implement appropriate preventive barriers against the further transmission of SARS-CoV-2. This review discusses in brief about the COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 with a particular focus on the role of animals, the veterinary and associated zoonotic links along with prevention and control strategies based on One-health approaches

Year of Publication: 2020
Contained in: The veterinary quarterly Vol. 40, No. 1 (2020), p. 169-182
All journal articles: Search for all articles in this journal
Language: English
Contributors: Tiwari, Ruchi | Author
Dhama, Kuldeep
Sharun, Khan
Iqbal Yatoo, Mohd
Malik, Yashpal Singh
Singh, Rajendra
Michalak, Izabela
Sah, Ranjit
Bonilla-Aldana, D Katterine
Rodriguez-Morales, Alfonso J
Full text access:
Electronic availability is being checked...
Links: Full Text (dx.doi.org)
Keywords: COVID-19
Journal Article
Review
SARS-CoV-2
animals
one health
transmission
veterinary
zoonosis
Additional Keywords: *One Health
Animals
Betacoronavirus
Camelus
Cats
Chiroptera
Coronavirus Infections
Disease Reservoirs
Dogs
Eutheria
Ferrets
Humans
Macaca mulatta
Models, Animal
Pandemics
Pneumonia, Viral
Snakes
Tigers
Viral Vaccines
Virus Shedding
Viverridae
World Health Organization
Zoonoses
ISSN: 1875-5941
Note: Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
Notes: Date Completed 27.05.2020
Date Revised 27.05.2020
published: Print
Citation Status MEDLINE
Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
PMID:
    32393111
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10.1080/01652176.2020.1766725
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